Differences between wooden boards: MFC, MDF, HDF and Plywood

Industrial wood is popular material and widely used in furniture nowadays. Find out the differences and application of 4 common types of industrial wood through the following article.

1. MFC (Melamine Faced Chipboard)
It is made of wood chips from short-lived forest trees like Eucalyptus, acacia, rubber… formed into particleboard and bonded to melamine resin impregnated paper. Melamine layer helps to waterproof, resist scratches, and increase the aesthetics of the surface. MFC has a variety of colors, lightweight, easy to construct, but it not seamless, limited in thickness and low resistance to water. MFC is suitable for home and office furniture in dry areas such as wardrobes, nightstands, desks…

2.MDF (Medium density fiberboard) 
Made by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals wood fibers, combining it with additives (wax and a resin binder), and forming it into panels by applying high temperature and pressure. MDF has a higher density board than MFC, has a smooth surface that is ideal for painting, gluing and screwing. There are 2 processes: wet-process and dry-process to produce different types of MDF. The ultra-light MDF plate is often used for indoor furniture such as filing cabinets, wardrobes, beds... Green MDF is moisture resistant, which is often used in humid places such as kitchen cabinets, kitchen cabinets…. Red MDF wood is fire retardant, so it is often used for furniture in offices or apartments.

3. HDF (High Density Fiberboard)
Composed of 85% natural wood, combining with additives and binders. It has a smooth surface with moisture and scratch resistant, high rigidity and load capacity, joins securely with nails and screws, ensures the durability of the furniture. HDF is an ideal material for laminate flooring, making doors and high-class home furniture such as kitchen cabinets, wardrobes, office counters. However, the price of HDF wood is much higher than that of MFD and MFC wood. But, the price of HDF is higher than MDF and MFC.

4. Plywood
Plywood is a panel-shaped wood-based material made from several thin layers of wood (the plies or wood veneers) that are glued crosswise along the grain. Plywood is produced in different qualities due to different uses and the number of veneer layers. Plywood has water resistant better than MFD, MFC. Plywood is used in many areas as a building material, for example, both indoors and outdoors. Plywood is also used for furniture sets, cabinets and tables. In general, it can be said that due to its high strength values, plywood is used wherever high stability is required.

Contact IVAN for more advice.

 

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